The Importance of Wine Aromas!

In general, a wine’s aroma, is the smell of the wine in the glass. The aroma can be floral, citrus, fruity, vegetal, earthy, or any number of familiar scents depending on the grape variety used, the winemaking process implemented and the wine’s storage conditions.

When it comes to wine, both tasting and smelling, the nose is mission-critical. The human nose is capable of differentiating between thousands of unique scents. Meanwhile, the tongue is limited to sensing: salty, sweet, bitter, and sour. To truly taste a wine, you will need to recruit the nose to pick up the flavor scents and the tongue to help discern the tastes and textures.

How to Smell Wine!

To get the best scent of the wine’s aroma, spend a good 10 seconds swirling the glass with some vigor. This allows the alcohol to volatilize and will lift the wine’s innate scents towards your nose. Once the wine is well-swirled, stick your nose into the glass and inhale. What scents come to mind first? Flowers, fruits? If fruit, drill down a little deeper, are you smelling red or white fruit themes, orchard fruit or berries, or possibly more tropical notes? Keep these scents in mind and see if they reappear on the flavor profile or morph into new delights on the palate.

Fruit Scents

Primary aromas are those distinct smells that are derived from the fruit itself. These aromas may present themselves as fruity or floral in nature. It’s these aromas that allow us to differentiate between different wines in their youth. Violets, rose, chamomile, green apple, citrus, black and red berries would all fall under the primary aroma category.

How is Fermentation Important?

The fermentation process creates a wine’s secondary aromas and may be subtly or significantly influenced by the winemaker’s choices. The most common influence in secondary aromas is oak. From imparting nutty, buttery, vanilla and cedar, or other wood-like themes to a final wine, oak`s lofty influence is the dominant factor in a wine’s secondary aromatic profile.

Ageing Wine

If a wine has undergone some sort of ageing process, then tertiary aromas may start to set in. The longer and more extensive the aging, the more a wine’s aromatics will be influenced by these tertiary aromas. These often include oxidative character traits like coffee, caramel, toffee, and cocoa or reductive notes that lean more towards earthy nuances like the damp scents of a wet forest floor, mushrooms, or veggie-like components.

Other Aromatic Influences

If a wine is fermented and aged in stainless steel tanks without a hint of oak in sight, then these wines will come across quite youthful and fresh, full of fruit and be dominated primarily by primary wine aromas. If, however, a winemaker is running Chardonnay through a secondary fermentation known as malolactic fermentation, the resulting wine will carry rich, butter-based smells. These buttery scents specifically come under the nose category of  “bouquet” not “aroma” because they would not be present in a Chardonnay that has not undergone malolactic fermentation, an intervention used by the vintner and not innate in the grape’s varietal character.

The Master Wine Aroma Kits!

Are an educational tool designed by Sommeliers as a library of wine scents. World’s most complete wine aroma collection, which combines various aromas found in sparkling, white, red and sweet wines produced around the world.


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